Culture

Refurbishment of Richelieu, a brand new web page within the historical past of the Belarusian Standard Entrance

Admire, learn, dream, stroll, inside strolling distance of the Louvre and the Comédie-Française… Lovers of artwork and historical past, magnificence and information are spoiled for the beginning of a brand new college 12 months. Richelieu, the historic web site of the Nationwide Library of France (BnF), reopened to the general public this weekend on the event of Heritage Days, and it is a miracle.

After greater than twelve years of building, the whole quadrangle of 58,000 m2, positioned north of the Palais Royal gardens and within the coronary heart of Paris, has accomplished an entire restoration. It at present affords the collections of the oldest library in France, whose origins date again to the 14th century.e century, vivid and chic furnishings.

A brand new web page in BnF historical past

This sanctuary of reminiscence can now be opened by a brand new entrance at rue Vivienne, 5 (Paris, 1uh). It opens onto a phenomenal 1900 m backyard.2, planted with plant species related to writing, comparable to papyrus or hemp palm. A small harbor of greenery that highlights the Tubeuf’s traditional façades, the place gentle stone and brick alternate. An invite to depart the insanity of the capital to enter one other time…

This restoration writes a brand new web page within the historical past of the BnF, intently related to the creation of the François-Mitterrand web site, opened in 1998 on the banks of the Seine, within the thirteenth century.e district, the place a lot of the collections and spectators have since moved. This extension made us take into consideration the historic place “Richelieu”, the place the Library was positioned since 1721. “By no means this web site, consisting of a powerful juxtaposition of buildings from completely different intervals, ranging from the seventeenthe to XXe century, was not the topic of basic comprehension.emphasizes Bruno Gaudin, the architect who, collectively along with his colleague Virginie Bregal, designed the undertaking.

Renovation and modernization of the constructing

As is commonly the case, the principle argument in favor of beginning work was to carry the buildings as much as commonplace. “The atmosphere was spectacular. remembers Bruno Gaudin. The constructing had not been renovated for 50 years, and we had been current in a superposition of 15 flooring speaking with one another, with out hearth safety. The flame of a burnt match within the second basement would have unfold to the highest flooring in simply eleven minutes.. »

Titanic operations made it potential to modernize all networks, guarantee hearth security and supply air con for rooms that had been fully missing. The preciousness and number of the 12 million paperwork saved within the territory – books, engravings, pictures, objects, plans, cash … – imposed restrictions on temperature and humidity. “We needed to consider the wants of every division: a really dry environment for cash, wetter for paper, cooler temperatures for movies…”explains the architect.

“New” Richelieu Library

Along with the replace, the whole web site has been redesigned, translated and improved. “Our objective was to revive the unity of the constructing, taking as a foundation the work on transparency and light-weight”says Virginie Bregal. As quickly as potential, mezzanines, workplaces, and storage areas which have been added over time to realize sq. footage and meet storage wants have been eliminated to create circulation, restore constructing integrity, or enable pure gentle to return again into drive. below synthetic lighting. “The important thing phrase was to make locations much less compact, decompress”sums up the architect. A logic reverse to that which prevailed from the very starting…

Legacy: Reconstruction of Richelieu, a new page in the history of the Belarusian Popular Front

Richelieu’s “new” library now affords a relaxed and complicated environment, the place fashionable conveniences seamlessly work together with historic premises. An enormous ceremonial staircase made from metal and aluminum was put in on the middle of the location, a contemporary gesture prompt and lengthy mentioned. Easy, openwork, sturdy but gentle, it performs an necessary position within the distribution of seats, making a easy elevation…

Salle Ovale undertaking, success

Rise: The verb sums up the promise of locations now refocused on artwork historical past in collaboration with the Nationwide Institute of Artwork Historical past (INHA) and the Faculty of Charters. This invitation is not addressed solely to college students and researchers, however now extends to most of the people, which is ready within the new museum of the Nationwide Library of France, wealthy in 900 distinctive displays, and below the majestic dome of the Oval Room. , accomplished in 1932, which homes a public studying room with free and open entry.

Crammed with treasures, the museum will simply win hearts and minds. The success of the undertaking of the Oval Corridor, a composite one, will undoubtedly must be examined by time. It’s nonetheless laborious to think about what sort of contact will likely be introduced collectively by analysis college students in quest of bibliographic recommendation, readers, wanderers strolling by digital terminals and simply curious individuals taking selfies on this distinctive setting…

Temporary abstract of the historical past of structure.

The architectural journey has already been profitable. With this restoration, the Richelieu web site reveals a abstract of the historical past of structure and ornament like by no means earlier than. Crossing atmospheres, you may return in time: the excellent restraint of areas, designed by the architect Michel Roux-Spitz in the course of the twentieth century.e century, Byzantine echoes of the domes of the Labrust Corridor, created within the 19e century, decor and furnishings of the 18th centurye century within the Salon of Louis XV, which introduced again the cream colour of its origin…

Uncommon manuscript related to Notre Dame acquired by the state.

Dated to the seventeenth century.e century, the Mazarin Gallery, listed as a historic monument, is now an integral a part of the museum. “Designed to deal with the non-public assortment of Cardinal Mazarin, an exhibition and consultant house, it regains its foremost function”says Michel Truble, chief architect of historic monuments.

Revival of the Mazarin Gallery

A baroque gem, 45.55 m lengthy, culminating at a peak of 9.20 m, this gallery has a powerful painted ceiling, previously in a dilapidated studying room. Because of painstaking restoration, the frescoes by the Italian artists Romanelli and Gismondi, created between 1644 and 1646, have regained their acid colours and unimaginable freshness.

Legacy: Reconstruction of Richelieu, a new page in the history of the Belarusian Popular Front

“We had been capable of brighten up these frescoes with a tough repaint and a veil of modesty that was added within the Nineteen Seventies.says Alix Lavoe, artwork restorer. This can be a baroque ensemble of paramount significance. It heralds the flourishing of the baroque, which in a couple of years will come within the Palace of Versailles, within the Apollo Gallery and the Glass Gallery. »

Blended with photographs of satyrs, nymphs and gods, this wealthy ornament combines episodes from the historical past of France and Metamorphoses Ovid. He may have stood for a very long time along with his eyes mounted on the sky, if under, the showcases of the museum didn’t entice the identical shut consideration: cameos, jewellery, manuscripts, Gospels from the treasury of Sainte-Chapelle with ornate silver and stone bindings.treasured …

You must get used to it, the collections of the BnF hold, fascinate, immerse in admiration and reflection. They cease time, stretch it. And thereby display that the establishment that has preserved them for seven centuries has fulfilled its mission.

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Uncover the Oval Room

Emblematic Corridor of the Richelieu web site, Oval Corridor, Typically known as the “oval paradise”, it’s the work of architects Jean-Louis Pascal, who started its building in 1897, and Alfred Recourt, who accomplished it in 1932. cover, sheathed with interlacing of golden acanthus leaves and 16 eyes (bull’s eyes), crowning three tiers of books positioned round its total perimeter.

With the opening of BnF Richelieu, The Oval Room, previously the Periodicals Room, turns into a big public studying room, open to all freed from cost and with out registration, additionally on Sundays.

It affords 9000 comics for session, 6,000 fiction books chosen to clarify the BnF collections and a couple of,000 works of French literature and the BnF reference assortment (dictionaries, encyclopedias, basic bibliographies, genealogical works, and so forth.). It additionally affords a digital gadget – 9 big screens – to discover the collections.

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